## Explanation

Meiosis is a type of cell division that is integral for sexual reproduction in eukaryotes. Unlike mitosis, which results in two identical daughter cells, meiosis produces four distinct daughter cells.

### Process

**Initiation**: Meiosis begins with a single diploid cell ($2n$), meaning it contains two complete sets of chromosomes.**Two Rounds of Division**:**Meiosis I**: This is the reduction division where homologous chromosomes are separated, resulting in two haploid ($n$) cells, each with half the number of chromosomes.**Meiosis II**: This stage resembles mitosis, where the sister chromatids are separated, resulting in a total of four haploid cells.

### Key Formulas

Meiosis can be summarized as follows:

$2n \rightarrow 2 \times n \rightarrow 4 \times \frac{n}{2}$Where:

- $2n$ denotes the diploid cell
- $4 \times \frac{n}{2}$ denotes the four haploid cells

### Importance

**Genetic Diversity**: The process introduces genetic variation through recombination and independent assortment.**Chromosome Number Maintenance**: Ensures a stable chromosome count across generations.